Agouti, the “bay” gene

Bay Horse

Bay and Brown are actually a modification of Black. In other words, bays and browns are black horses with a dominant modifying gene called AGOUTI added. Agouti, the “bay” gene »»

Tölt Gait

Icelandic Horse with Tölt gait

The Tölt (also, less correctly, Tolt) is a gait that is often described as being unique to the Icelandic Horse. In its pure form, the footfalls are the same as in rack, but the gait in the Icelandic horse has a different style with more freedom and liquidity of movement. The most prized horses have a very long stride and considerable lift with their forelegs. Tölt Gait »»

Azteca Horse

Azteca headshot

The Azteca horse was the first breed developed in Mexico, and was the result of crossing Andalusians with quarter horses and criollos. The native Indians used them for hunting buffalo and fighting wars, and they became prized possessions. Azteca Horse »»

The Karacabey horse

Karacabey horse

The Karacabey horse was a light riding horse that originated in Turkey. The Karacabey was a very sound breed with good conformation, showing Arabian influence but with more body mass. The Karacabey horse »»

The Anglo-Norman horse

Anglo-Norman stallion

The Anglo-Norman horse was a warmblood horse breed developed in Lower Normandy in northern France. A major center of horse breeding, the area had numerous regional types that were bred to one another and then crossed with Thoroughbreds to form the Anglo-Norman. The Anglo-Norman horse »»

Cayuse horse

Cayuse is an archaic term used in the American west, usually referring to a feral or low-quality horse or pony.

In British Columbia, the variant word cayoosh refers to a particular breed of mountain pony with shorter legs and large hindquarters, typically also of Indian husbandry.

The origin of the word is a Native American adaptation of the Spanish caballo, with the -s ending a noun form in Salishan languages. A variant adaptation, kiuatan, with a Sahaptian -tan ending, is the main word for “horse” or “pony” in the Chinook Jargon, although cayuse or cayoosh was also used in some areas. For this reason, some horses owned by Native American people were dubbed “cayuse,” often with derogatory intent.

Cayuse horse »»

Inheritance of Curly Hair in Horses

Dominent curly horse gene

This is a theoretic genetic formula for how the dominant curly gene, the straight haired gene, and the recessive curly gene appear to interact. At the moment this is the best explanation we have that fits all the information we have. We do not yet have a DNA test for any “curly gene.”

Inheritance of Curly Hair in Horses »»

The Courser and other types of medieval horses

Coursers are commonly believed to be named for their running gait, (from Old French cours, meaning ‘to run’.). However, the word possibly derived from the Italian corsiero, meaning ‘battle horse.’

The Courser and other types of medieval horses »»